History of Bilaspur.
Historically, Bilaspur was controlled by the Kalachuri dynasty of Ratanpur. The city, however, came into prominence around 1741, the year of the Maratha Empire rule. The Bilaspur city is approximately 400 years old and the name “Bilaspur” has been originated from the Fisher-woman named “Bilasa”.
Bilaspur district was constituted in the year 1861 and followed by Bilaspur municipality in the year 1867. Bilaspur district is not only famous in Chhattisgarh state but also in India due to its unique characteristics like rice quality, Kosa industry, and its cultural background. Bilaspur district has a major contribution in the naming “Dhan Ka Katora” for the entire Chhattisgarh region.
The climate of Bilaspur district is sub-tropical, semi-arid, continental and monsoon type. Thus, it has hot summers, cool winters and a small rainy season. The winter season starts towards the latter half of November and extends till about the middle of march followed by summer, which continues till about the end of June when the maximum temperature reaches up to 45-degree Celsius and dust cyclones are common. After it, southwest monsoon arrives. The rainy season remains between July to September. The post-monsoon months October and November constitute a transitional period from monsoon to the winter season. The climate is ideal for agriculture development, particularly for wheat, rice, sugarcane, and cotton crops. Limited rainy season, good and healthy climate is suitable for industrial development also.
Geography and Climate
Bilaspur has developed a lot. Bilaspur district is situated between 21.47° to 23.8° north latitudes and 81.14° to 83.15° east longitude.
Rainfall : –
Annual rainfall of the district is about 58 centimeters. Rainfall is unevenly distributed and decreases form south cast to southwest. The rainy season starts from July to September. About 80 percent of the total rainfall is received during this period. Some amount of rainfall is received from western disturbances during the winter season. Due to less rainfall and its short duration the agricultural activity is mostly dependent upon canal irrigation and tube-wells.
Rivers and Drainage System
The major river of Bilaspur district is Arpa. The river originates in Khodri Khongsara of Pendra sub division and is the largest river in the district and is about 100 kilometer long. Other major rivers of the district are as Leelagar and Maniyari.